Color Defects, Differences and Tolerances
See effects of distortions in CIELAB color space and misuse of single-number scales. Learn to create complete specifications and reliable product certifications


Color as a Requirement


CIELAB DE* & Visual Uniformity of CIELAB Color Space


Relative importance of Hue, Chroma and Lightness


Perceptibility and Acceptability Volumes in CIELAB Space




Metrics: CIELAB, CMC(l:c), CIE94, CIE 2000: Perceptibility, Acceptability


Determination: Fiat, Historical Analysis, Process Limits


Color Standards: Physical, Virtual


Communicating Targets and Limits: Verbal, Physical Samples, Spectral, Colorimetric


Best Practices: Complete Color Specification